Schloss Pragstein

Lasla von Prag bekam 1491 von Kaiser Friedrich lll. das Recht auf einer dem Ufer vorgelagerten Felseninsel in der Donau ein Schloss zu errichten das um 1506 fertiggestellt wurde.

Der Zugang war nur über eine Hängebrücke möglich. Wenn man die Außenmaße des Schlosses genau betrachtet, erkennt man, dass es an der Westseite zugespitzt ist. Das war bei Hochwasser vor allem in der Winterzeit, wenn Eis auf der Donau trieb, ein großer Vorteil. Der Druck, den das Hochwasser auf das Schloss ausübte wurde gebrochen und Wasser und Eis wurden seitlich am Schloss vorbeigeleitet.

In der Mitte des 19. Jh. wurde der Donauarm, der das Schloss vom Festland trennte, aufgeschüttet.

Heute sind darin das Heimat-, Trophäen–, Gerstmayr und Apothekenmuseum sowie das Standesamt, die Zweigstelle der Landesmusikschule St. Georgen an der Gusen und einige Veranstaltungsräume untergebracht.

Zwischen Schloss und Donau führ die B3 durch. Sie wurde zu Beginn der 1960er Jahre gebaut, um den Verkehr, der früher mitten durch den Ort rollte, aufzunehmen. Am Nordtor des Schlosses sind heute die Hochwasserstandsmarken angebracht. An der Südseite des Schlosses Pragstein ist das Wappen von Lasla von Prag zu sehen.

To the story to the castle of Pragstein

The castle – a pentagonal, four storeyed spire – was biult with the approval of Emperor Friedrich III from 1491 to 1507 on a rock island and was named Pragstein. The builder–owner was Laßla Prager, the pledge owner of the rule and the toll to Mauthausen.

After the death of Laßla Prager (1514) Emperor Maximilian I revoked the pledge, but he left the danube castle in the care of the widow of Prager.
From 1524 (death of Prager`s widow) to 1530 Pragstein was an empty castle. Between 1530 and 1603 it served at times as a rule domicile, sometimes as an imperal occupation zone because of the imminent danger of the Turkish.

1603 Georg Erasmus from Tschernembl to Windegg and Schwertberg took over the pledge and made it again fit to live in.
The stucco work in the hall on the second floor and the nice marble chimney in the former knight room belonged to this time.

1612 the „Salzamtmann“ Veit Spindler took over the pledge. 1636 Veit Spindlers son bequeathed the rule to the Count Leonhard Helfrich from Meggau, who succeded 1636 in transfering the pledge (excepted the profitable Maut) to his own possession. Successsors and heirs were the Counts Cavriani, who remainded the owner of the castle and the rule until 1770.

1770 the Counts Thürheim bought the castle Pragstein.
1894 the former major from Mauthausen, Leopold Heindl, purchased the castle from the Counts fo Thürheim and sold it 1901 to the community Mauthausen. The castle belongs until today to Mauthausen.

Around about 1950 the castle was restored (appropriate the possibilities to this time).

1984 the castle Pragstein had to undergo a foundamental in- and outdoor restoration. Furthermor there was built a cultural centre with a music school, a function room and a museum of local history.

The way through the museum
Room No. 1

Vow-cross, crucifix of wood, 1706, from the former, old restaurant near the town hallOn the right and the left side of the cross are paintings of the rulers from the Hapsburg dynasty:

2 Ferdinand I 1556 – 1564
3 Maximilian II 1564 – 1576Rudolf II 1576 – 1612Matthias I 1612 – 1619Ferdinand II 1619 – 1637Ferdinand III 1637 – 1657Leopold I 1658 – 1705Joseph I 1705 – 1711Charles VI 1711 – 1740Maria Theresa 1740 – 1780Joseph II 1780 – 1790Francis I 1804 – 1835Symbol of margrave jurisdiction, in the mid 17-century, out of wood, coloured, on the arm with the sword (symbol of the sovereign, who grant the market rights) is fixed a flag of tin, which shows the market head with the view of the castle Pragstein (excepted the signature M.M.F.)Halberd of the last nightwatchLantern of the last nightwatchTime-clock of the last nightwatchCommunity drum of Mauthausen, which was once carried by the pubblic town crier to arouse the attention of the people for telling official notifications and newsTypical cupboard from farm volk from Mühlviertel (1841)Bride chest (~ 1820), original conditionChest of farming volk, around about 1840, simple painting, original conditionFlag of veteran organization, 19. centuryClubflagTurkish people painted on wood, around about 1800, alleged means of advertising for tobaccoSmall muzzle-loader gunFlint gun from BosniaGuild symbol of millersHeadstone (~1600)Chapel grilleBell of the church of Heinrich (~1310 ?)Verre églomisé picture „Mary“Verre églomisé picture (Sandel 1830)Verre églomisé picture (Buchers, ~ 1810)Verre églomisé picture „St. Joseph“ (1840)Chased flagsymbolOld bowl from the castle Pragstein (19. century)Showcase 1Neolithic age finds from the so-called plateau (~ 1500 bevor Christ), batons, stoneknives, arrowheadsProvincial finds from Lauriacum, 3. century after ChristShowcase 2waffle iron (18. century)Showcase 3Honour book, where all the hard working students from 1739 to 1869 were notedReport from the 1st January 1892 for Derntl Simon from Anton PoschacherDescription of a journey from Ausgustin Dersch, host to Mauthausen, through Bohemia, Saxony, Prussia and over Hamburg to England and from there to France, Switzerland, Baden, Würtemberg and Bavaria and home again. Start: 5th July, end: 12 september 1841Register of the releases from the apprentice`articles 1802 – 1908Folk songbook in dialect of Sebastion Haydecker „allö meinö Landsleut“ (to all my people) 1847. (house of birth of Haydecker : pormenade 25, next to primary school)Domestic book for Franz Hofer, Luftenberg (2.1.1854 – 26.8.1900)Raths-minutes bey dem Kaysl. Mauthausen about the meetings 1775Inheritance and treatise scripts 1719 – 1727Showcase 4Minutes and offset books of the trade of saltRaths-minutes from 1977Salt purchase and payments 1833 – 1870General „journal“ from the 1st May 1829 to 31th May 1931, with interesting abbreviations: 7ber = september, 8ber = october, 9ber = novemberRegistration book for Mr. Mich. Poschacher 1870 – 1871No. 43 domestic book, issued on the 25th august 1905 for Charles Friedl from AlbernRetour-recipissie about the receipt of a postal consignemt of the 4th march 1852Lease, conlcuded between Mr. Josef Reckentrag to Amstetten and the Saxony-family (21st november 1868)

Room No. 2

Wall-showcase 1model of the former „flying bridge“ (1820 – 1962)model of „Salztrauner“pair of binoculars and a telscope of the former director of the DDSG Milanovidscomplete cooper tools, among them: a pair of compasses, dated 1660fruit juice falgon of the sailors and raftsmenmeasure of capacity, dated 1829 and 1836portrait „Augustin Dersch“, host of Mauthausen, owner of boats, horses and servantssailor chest, dated 1826, served for the possessions of the people during the journeyrudderhookall things, which were used for a draught horse (f.e. horse blanket)whipquill belt for men, 1799,dated with 17 MSW 99 and from the possession of a sailorammunition pouch with a gun bucket made out of leather, JP 1803, Poschacherbucket made out of flax, J. Th. No. 98bucket made out of basket work No. 122
Lithographies, reproductions and numerous views of Mauthausen

Collection of weapons

53 shotgun, 54 targetgun, 55 hunting rifle, 56 gun with a tabernacle breechlock (Steyr), 57 poacher carbine (able to be dismantled), 58 old military muzzle-loader, 59 bullet carbine with a stock, where sth. is written, 60 crossbow, with the signature of Anton Poschacher, 61 dragoon sabre with protection for the hands, 62 canteen, 19. Century, 63 cannon ball of the war in France (1809)

Collection of clocks

64 clock of Ottenstein (Waldviertel), 65 Karlstein wall clock (~ 1870), 66 clock made out of wood, 68 wall clock Gambrinus, 69 clock of Scharzwald (~ 1850), 70 saw clock, 71 clock made out of wood with an adjustable chime, 72 fishslice

sales table of the pharmacy to Mariahilf of Mauthausen, 1846beam balance, 19 centurytea bowl made out of wood of the harmacy to Mariahilf of Mauthausen, 1846BarometerWater barometer: when the water acid sank, there was fine weather; when the water acid rose, there followed rain; at the begining of the 19. century Grainscreen „Raitta“Spinning – wheelReelLinen stock of MühlviertelFuel element with the initials of Anton Poschacher (AP)Various things from the captivity 1914 – 1918

Showcase 1

work of Reg. Rat Prof. Gerstmayrcoinbalance and weights, calibrated 1865

Showcase 2

Numismatic and emergency money collection

The oldes austrian coins of our museum are from the reign of Emperor Leopold I (1657 – 1705) , ½ Thaler (1703) from Kremnitz (Hungary, today: Slovakia)kreutzer of copper (Emperor Francis I from Lothringen; 1745 – 1765)kreutzer Maria Theresa (1740 – 80)coins with Francis II (1792 – 1835) D(EI) G(RATIA) R(OMNORUM) IMP(ERATOR)„Banco-paper“ to 15 and 30 kreutzer of copper from 1807paper money: 5-florin-1825, 1-florin-1858Conv. Thaler – 1815, Vienna for the austrian heartlands Austria/Hungary, Croatia, Czechoslovakia.Various coins of silver Ferdinand I (1835 – 48)Emergency moneyShowcase 3Various things made out of wrought ironKeys from the castle Pragstein, 19. centuryOrnamental mountings on doors and books, 18. and 19. centuryPadlock, 17. centuryNice, baroque door lock, 18. centuryChurch seating plan (pewter), dated 1774Wall showcase 2First row (right side): china of Bohemia, in the mid 19-century, partly painted with blue flowers, partly with landscape painting

Middle: bowl of Fyence, fantasy birds (Lower Austria),
pitcher of stoneware, around about 1860 – 1870, painted with blue colours, southern Bohemia or Freistadt

Second row from the top: things from the religiousness of the people, part of a wedding dress (middle), household equipment of the 19. century, nice copper tankard (~ 1800)

Third row from the top (background): flower still life, around about 1860, old lighting forms like oil lamps, wicks, candlestick and old mail coach driver (~ 1860)

Fourth row from the top: some old thing of the siuts made of thick woollen material of Mühlviertel, black so-called widow woollen cap, old umbrella, painted wicker basket, dated 1832 (so-called „Weisat-basket“)

To bring sweets, food and similar things to a young mother, who bore a baby was an old tradition called „Ins Weisat gehen“.

Schloß Pragstein Mauthausen

Schloß Pragstein Mauthausen
Schloß Pragstein Mauthausen
  • Schloß Pragstein
  • Im Schloss Pragstein sind das Heimatmuseum u. Trophäenmuseum untergebracht. Das Tor ist ohne Brücke ebenerdig zugänglich. Ein eingebautes Treppenhaus leitet den Besucher in die drei oberen Geschosse mit hallenartigen Dielen, um die die Wohnräume und das Treppenhaus gruppiert sind. Das Tor besitzt noch seinen spätgotische Sturz. Die Fenster der beiden obersten Stockwerke haben noch die Steineinfassungen. Über dem Tor springt ein Erker vor. Unter der Dachkante zieht sich ein, das ganze Gebäude umlaufendes, auf Kragsteinen aufsitzende Stichbogenfries herum. Das Dach ist abgewalmt.

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